The History of Indian Colonization

The History of Indian Colonization

Colonisation means the action or process of settling among and establishing control over the indigenous people of an area. There were times when Colonial India was a part of the Indian subcontinent, which was under the jurisdiction of European colonial powers during the Age of Discovery. Today Merry Spell team will teach you about the things you don’t know about the Colonial India. Indian prosperity and its fabulous riches, as spices, silk and so on, attracted Europe to want to reach India for the sake of trade and profits. It also led Christopher Columbus to start his voyage to India, only to discover America in that process. Later it was Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese Sailor who was the first European to re-establish direct trade links with India since Roman times by being the first to arrive.

Interesting Facts You Should Know About Indian Colonization


1. The Golden Age

Before the arrival of colonial rule, India was a self-sufficient and flourishing economy. India was also one of the major trading nations in the 18th century. Clearly, that’s why India was popularly known as the golden eagle. Although primarily India was an agricultural economy, but still many trade activities were budding in the pre-colonial India. It had already recognised itself on the world map with a decent amount of trades of cotton, silk, muslin, sandstone, soapstone, and various other edibles and spices.

2. Colonial Rulers

The colonial rulers reduced Indians to mere servants, robbed India of education, opportunities etc. They have since become an inseparable part of our history. This exploitation continued for about two centuries, till we finally got independence on 15 August 1947. On the whole, India met with a staggering task to recover from the blows that two centuries of colonial rule landed on its economy. India suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural chaos, economic corruption, political disadvantage, etc.

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3. Negative Impact

On the negative side, Britishers made Indians Slaves to English education and alien to their own culture and traditions.

  • The British controlled the government economy
  • Indians were seen as partial citizens
  • Divisions between Hindu & Muslim
  • Ruthless taxation

4. Revolutions after the Indian Colonization

The British Rulers colonized various aspects of Indian society like culture, politics, economy and education. As far as the motives of colonization, it did work very well for the UK.

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Indian railways

5. Positive Impact

Indians benefited from colonial rule to the great extent.

  • Modern goods
  • Modern transport
  • Education advanced
  • Rise in Health care

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