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The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution

The Revolution Which Brought the Industries & Machines

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BASF Factory (1881)
There was a time when England used to be the most powerful country in the world. Today Merry Spell team will teach you about the things you don’t know about the Industrial Revolution. With the Royal army, they had an empire which ruled the majority of the countries around the world. Their modern technology used guns and machines instead of swords and machines gave them the upper hand in every region. The industrialization was the major breakthrough in the industries and manufacture which took place in the early 18th to 19th century. Before this revolution manufacturing was mainly done in people’s home only by using hands or basic tools. This process was slower and required more resources to produce the output.
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The industrialization changed this by introducing special machinery and factories. This improved and efficient form of production gave birth to mass-production and better mobility. Iron and textile industry also got a massive kick-start with the revolution. The mobility got even better with the invention of the steam engine and steam locomotive. Now people had better transportation, communication, and modern banking methods. Industrial revolution improved the quality of manufactured goods and the standard of living. It also gave more job opportunities to the people as they become more productive.

How was the industrial revolution started?

We all know that Britain was the birthplace of the industrial revolution. Before we begin explaining you need to know that England was not a very rich country in the 18th century. Poverty was adamant and people were poor, less productive and faced with infectious diseases. Their average income was not enough to live a standard lifestyle. Due to primate tools and services they had to produce their own food, stitch their clothes, and craft their tools and furniture. Only small tools and few resources were available at that time. Britain was a pool of resources containing coal and iron ore. This helped people to use them as the backbone to ignite the revolution. Moreover, Britain could outsource the resources from its colonial lands like India, West Indies etc. After adapting to the modern machinery, the merchants could improve their pace of manufacturing good and reduce the cost of the production process.

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Innovations after the Industrial Revolution

The textile industry saw progress in the form of modern machines as previously people manufactured clothes at their home. Modern machinery gave them large scale production. Abraham Darby found the cheaper method to produce cast iron which brought remarkable changes in the iron industry. Later on, Henry Bessemer found the inexpensive method of mass-producing steel. Together steel and iron became the backbone of this revolution. Tools, machines, buildings, ships, pumps are some of the products of the Industrial Revolution.

Transportation

  Become the revolution people used horse carts to transport goods over a long distance. After the introduction of steam locomotives, it was possible to transport goods over longer distance more efficiently than ever before. The commercial steamboats and ships opened the doors for overseas trade.

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Communication

Communication was easier than before due to the industrial revolution. The invention of the telegraph was the crucial advancement for the people to communicate over long distances.

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